Breaking the Localisation Deadlock

Review of Humanitarian Capacities, Power Relations and Localisation in the Somali Humanitarian System

Handwashing promotion session in Karasharka IDP camp in Sanaag region, Somaliland. Photo by Pablo Tosco/Oxfam
Paper author: 
Fernando Almansa
Paper publication date: 
Wednesday, July 29, 2020

This analysis finds that local and national NGOs (LNNGOs) and the government’s humanitarian agencies are growing their capacity and influence, whilst the humanitarian system continues to be dominated by the UN machinery and a large number of international non-government organisations (INGOs). There is a positive evolution in terms of contextual humanitarian capacity, but new challenges may increase the gap between needs and response capacity.

This participatory analysis follows up on work done in 2014 and uses the Humanitarian Country Capacity Assessment (HUCOCA) methodology. It adds new areas of analysis such as power relations among different humanitarian actors; evolution of the localisation agenda; and gender perspectives and their inclusion as part of the humanitarian capacity assessment.